Finite Element Analysis of School Bus frame structure as per AIS029 Pendulum Impact Test using LSDYNA

  IJRES-book-cover  International Journal of Recent Engineering Science (IJRES)          
© 2022 by IJRES Journal
Volume-9 Issue-6
Year of Publication : 2022
Authors : A. Lashkari, Karabudi Aslamjaved, V. S. Manjunath, Praveen Ahuja
DOI : 10.14445/23497157/IJRES-V9I6P101

How to Cite?

A. Lashkari, Karabudi Aslamjaved, V. S. Manjunath, Praveen Ahuja, "Finite Element Analysis of School Bus frame structure as per AIS029 Pendulum Impact Test using LSDYNA," International Journal of Recent Engineering Science, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 1-4, 2022. Crossref,

According to the ministry of road transport in India, there are 1.5 million schools and around 260 million schoolgoing children, and over half of them use school bus transportation facilities to travel from or to school. In short, school buses are one of the most important transport vehicles for school students, but according to the world health organization report, road accidents are the primary reason for death in the age group 5-29 years. India ranks at the top with the highest fatalities, with 11% of the total share in the world. There are many reasons for fatalities, like speed, non-use of a safety system, and unsafe road infrastructure, but the fundamental reason is unsafe vehicle structure. According to school bus accident statics, frontal collision is the most hazardous in comparison with all other accidents because frontal structures get damaged easily, and this will lead to death and injury of the driver and crew member, which are the key persons in controlling the vehicle and ensure the safety of others. In this research work, we performed a pendulum test on the school bus superstructure as per AIS029 using LS-Dyna explicit solver.

Explicit Solver, Fatalities, Frontal collision, Superstructure.

[1] Road Accident in India 2018-19, Government of India, Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Transport Research Wing.
[Publisher Link]
[2] AIS 029- Survival Space for Occupants in Cab of a Commercial Vehicle, 2004.
[Publisher Link]
[3] Survival Space for the Protection of the Occupants of the Cab of a Commercial Vehicle AIS-029, no. 6, pp. 1-16, 2004.
[4] Guosheng Zhang et al., “Occupant Risk Evaluation Based on Front Collision of Bus,” International Conference on Logistics Engineering, Management and Computer Science, 2014.
[CrossRef] [Google Scholar] [Publisher Link]
[5] Horst Raich, and Daimlerchrysler, “Safety Analysis of the New Actros Megaspace Cabin According to ECE-R29/02,” 4th European LS-DYNA Users Conference, pp.11-24, 2003.
[Google Scholar] [Publisher Link]
[6] Mohammed E. Cerit et al., “Improvement of the Energy Absorption Capacity of an Intercity Coach for Frontal Crash Accident,” 11th International LS-DYNA Users Conference, pp. 15-24, 2010.
[Google Scholar] [Publisher Link]
[7] Somnath Gangopadhyay et al., “Study on the Occurrence of Injuries and Concept of Students on School Bus Safety in India,” Al Ameen Journal Medical Science, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 54-60, 2011.
[Google Scholar] [Publisher Link]
[8] Pattaramon Jongpradist, Supakit Senawat, and Burawich Muangto, “Improvement of Crashworthiness of Bus Structure Under Frontal Impact,” The 2015 World Congress on Advanced in Structural Engineering and Mechanics, Incheon, Korea, 2015.
[Google Scholar] [Publisher Link]
[9] D. Senthil Kumar, “Rollover Analysis of Bus Body Structure as Per AIS 031/ECE R66,” Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Brigade Metropolis, Whitefield, pp. 1-7, 2012.
[Google Scholar]
[10] John Woodrooffe, and Daniel Blower, “Heavy Truck Crashworthiness: Injury Mechanisms and Countermeasures to Improve Occupant Safety,” National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2015.
[Google Scholar] [Publisher Link]
[11] Brian R. Herbst et al., “Test Methods for Occupant Safety in Heavy Truck Rollovers,” IRCOBI Conference 2015, pp. 503-512, 2015.
[Google Scholar] [Publisher Link]
[12] Dinesh Mohan , Geetam Tiwari, and Kavi Bhalla, “Road Safety in India Status Report 2020,” TRIPP - Transportation Research & Injury Prevention Programme, pp. 1-67, 2020.
[Google Scholar]
[13] LS-DYNA, Keyword User's Manual Volume 1, Version 960 Livermore Software Technology Corporation, 2001.
[14] K. Ramadevi, and V. Sindhu, “A Review on Behaviour of Masonry Wall Panels in Precast Frames Against Lateral Loads,” SSRG International Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 27-29, 2020.
[CrossRef] [Publisher Link]
[15] Automotive Frontal Crash Regulations, Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development.
[16] Sanhong Li et al., “Frontal Pendulum Impact Test and Computer Simulation of Commercial Vehicles,” China Mechanical Engineering, vol. 16, no. 23, pp. 2153-2156, 2005.
[Google Scholar]
[17] L.Y. Cheng et al., “Heavy Truck Crashworthiness - Case Studies of Heavy Truck Crashes Involving Truck Occupant Fatality,” 15th International Technical Conference on Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, vol. 976181, 1996.
[Google Scholar]
[18] Priya Prasd, and Jamal E.Belwafa, Vehicle Crashworthiness and Occupant Protection, Automotive Applications Committee American Iron and Steel Institute Southfield, Michigan, 2004.
[Publisher Link]
[19] “ECBOS-Enhanced Coach and Bus Occupant Safety Summary Report,” UNECE Informal Document: GRSG 86- 4, 2004.
[20] "Driver and Crew Prection in Frontal Colllision of Buses", UNECE Informal Document: GRSG 96-19, 2009.
[21] M. Matolcsy, “Protection of Bus Drivers in Frontal Collisions,” Paper Presented at the Proceedings of the 18th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles, 2003.
[Google Scholar] [Publisher Link]
[22] W. T. (Bill) Gardner, “Evaluation of Occupant Protection in Busses,” Rona Kinetics and Associates Ltd., North Vancauver, BC, Canada, Report RK02-06, 2002.
[23] M.M. Kamal, “Analysis and Simulation of Vehicle to Barrier Impact,” SAE Transactions, vol. 79, no. 3, pp. 1498-1503, 1970.
[Google Scholar] [Publisher Link]
[24] James E. Green, “Computer Simulation of Car-to-Car Collisions,” SAE Transactions, vol. 86, no. 1, pp. 38-48, 1977.
[Google Scholar] [Publisher Link]
[25] B. Fileta, and X. Liu, “Simplified System Modeling and 3D Simulation Methods for Frontal Offset Crash,” Presented at Vehicle Structural Mechanics Conference, 1997.
[Google Scholar]
[26] O.C. Zienkiewicz, The Finite Element Method, Third Edition, Mcgrawhill Book Company Ltd., London, 1977.
[27] Paul Du Bois, Crashworthiness Engineering with LS-DYNA, 2000.