Design of a Compact Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna for 2.45 GHz ISM Band

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Recent Engineering Science (IJRES)          
  
© 2021 by IJRES Journal
Volume-8 Issue-3
Year of Publication : 2021
Authors : Rubaya Khatun, Mahfujur Rahman, Abu Zafor Md. Touhidul Islam
  10.14445/23497157/IJRES-V8I3P105

MLA 

MLA Style: Rubaya Khatun, Mahfujur Rahman, Abu Zafor Md. Touhidul Islam "Design of a Compact Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna for 2.45 GHz ISM Band"International Journal of Recent Engineering Science 8.3(2021):30-35. 

APA Style: Rubaya Khatun, Mahfujur Rahman, Abu Zafor Md. Touhidul Islam. Design of a Compact Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna for 2.45 GHz ISM Band  International Journal of Recent Engineering Science, 8(3), 30-35.

Abstract
Antenna is an indispensable part of wireless communication. In particular, the microstrip patch antenna has gained significant popularity due to its distinctive advantages in terms of compactness, ease of manufacturing, and low energy requirements. On the other hand, microstrip patch antenna suffers from several practical limitations such as small bandwidth, low gain, and less efficiency with decreasing size, etc. With the advent of smartphones and smart IoT devices, the necessity of a compact and robust antenna has reached an unprecedented level. However, designing such an antenna is challenging due to various physical properties of antenna components, undesirable side-effects, and conflicting requirements. This report presents a compact and lightweight Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna (RMPA) design to address the aforementioned limitations. The proposed, designed antenna operates at a 2.45 GHz ISM band suitable for WLAN application. The design has been simulated in CST Studio Suite 2015 software. Critical analysis of simulation results reveals superior antenna performance compared to state-of-the-art designs available in the literature. The suggested single element compact designed RMPA antenna shows low return loss (–47.208 dB), VSWR (1.009) and gain (3.18 dB), high directivity (5.18 dBi), and efficiency (61.57%).

Reference
[1] C. A. Balanis., Antenna theory: analysis and design, John Wiley & sons, (2016).
[2] J. R. James and others, Handbook of microstrip antennas. IET, (1989).
[3] Y. Liu et al., Some recent developments of microstrip antenna, Int. J. Antennas Propag., 2012(2012).
[4] C. Peixeiro., Microstrip antenna papers in the IEEE transactions on antennas and propagation [EurAAP corner], IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag., 54(1) (2012) 264–268.
[5] C. Peixeiro., Microstrip patch antennas: An historical perspective of the development, in SBMO/IEEE MTT-S International Microwave and Optoelectronics Conference (IMOC 2011), (2011) 684–688.
[6] D. M. Pozar, Microwave engineering. John Wiley & sons, (2011).
[7] N. J. Shimu and A. Ahmed., Design and performance analysis of rectangular microstrip patch antenna at 2.45 GHz, in 5th International Conference on Informatics, Electronics, and Vision (ICIEV), (2016) 1062–1066.
[8] A. R. Tiwari and S. V. Laddha., Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna For WLAN Application, Int. J. Electron., 6(8) (2017) 4.
[9] S. P. Singh., Design and Fabrication of Microstrip Patch Antenna at 2.4 Ghz for WLAN Application using HFSS, IOSR J. Electron. Commun. Eng., 1(1) (2016) 01–06. doi: 10.9790/2834-150100106.
[10] A. Mohammed et al., Microstrip Patch Antenna: A Review and the Current State of the Art, J. Adv. Res. Dyn. Control Syst., 11 (2019) 510–524.
[11] L. Stutzman Warren and T. Antennas, propagation Magazine, 52 (2010).
[12] W. L. Stutzman and G. Thiele., Antenna Theory and Design. New York: John Willey and Son. Inc, (1981).
[13] W. L. Stutzman and G. A., Thiele, Antenna theory and design. John Wiley & Sons, (2012).
[14] D. Prabhakar, P. M. Rao, and M. Satyanarayana., Design and performance analysis of microstrip antenna using different ground plane techniques for WLAN application, Int. J. Wirel. Microw. Technol. IJWMT, 6(4) (2016) 48–58.
[15] M. A. K. Lubis, F. Y. Zulkifli, and E. T. Rahardjo., Design of Multiband microstrip antenna For Industrial, Scientific, and Medical Band application, in International Symposium on Electronics and Smart Devices (ISESD), (2016) 343–346.
[16] G. B. TR and others., Rectangular microstrip patch antenna at ISM band, in 2018 Second International Conference on Computing Methodologies and Communication (ICCMC), (2018) 91–95.
[17] R. Bharadwaj., Design of micro-strip patch antenna array using DGS for ISM band applications, Glob J Res Rev, 4 (2017) 1–4.

Keywords
ISM band, WLAN, Microstrip patch antenna, Compact design, Microstrip line feed