A Critical Review on the Applications of Metal Materials for Medical Implants

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Recent Engineering Science (IJRES)          
  
© 2019 by IJRES Journal
Volume-6 Issue-4
Year of Publication : 2019
Authors : A.G Usman, Osama A.M
  10.14445/23497157/IJRES-V6I4P102

MLA 

MLA Style: A.G Usman, Osama A.M "A Critical Review on the Applications of Metal Materials for Medical Implants" International Journal of Recent Engineering Science 6.4(2019):7-12. 

APA Style: A.G Usman, Osama A.M, A Critical Review on the Applications of Metal Materials for Medical Implants. International Journal of Recent Engineering Science, 6(4),7-12.

Abstract
This review was focusing on different types of metallic materials that are used as an implant due to their chemical, thermal, electrical, and mechanical properties. Therefore, to design and manufacture new as well a cost-effective metal-alloy having higher biocompatibility that can be used as implant specific properties should be considered before their manufacturing. Also, using common alloys for creating a strategy to minimize the use of some rare metals is considered as one of the challenges in using metals as an implant. In order to ensure long human life, especially when using implants on young patients, the need for developing a novel method and strategy of using a metallic alloy in the bio-medical field is aimed at giving structural metallic materials having suitable mechanical, chemical and biomedical biocompatibility. Therefore, metallic alloys that can be used in the future and for the next generation should have less toxic effects. Elements that can cause severe and adverse health menace, such as tumor-causing agents, neurological disorder, and coronary disorder agents, should be avoided. Therefore, these metals and their alloys should have low cost having lower melting points such as Mg, Fe, Ti, Mn, and their alloys. Finally, the need for designing chemically, biologically, mechanically, and electrically biocompatible metal alloys are significantly recommended, especially those having longer-term implantation.

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Keywords
Implant, metal, alloy, biocompatibility, chemical, mechanical and biodegradable.