Study of Characteristic Physical and Mechanic of Foamed Lightweight Concrete with Fly Ash Added for Wall Materials

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Recent Engineering Science (IJRES)          
  
© 2018 by IJRES Journal
Volume-5 Issue-1
Year of Publication : 2018
Authors : Chundakus Habsya, Kuncoro Diharjo , Prabang Setyono , Prasasto Satwiko
  10.14445/23497157/IJRES-V5I1P106

MLA 

MLA Style: Chundakus Habsya, Kuncoro Diharjo , Prabang Setyono , Prasasto Satwiko  "Study of Characteristic Physical and Mechanic of Foamed Lightweight Concrete with Fly Ash Added for Wall Materials" International Journal of Recent Engineering Science 5.1(2018):26-31. 

APA Style: Chundakus Habsya, Kuncoro Diharjo , Prabang Setyono , Prasasto Satwiko, Study of Characteristic Physical and Mechanic of Foamed Lightweight Concrete with Fly Ash Added for Wall Materials.  International Journal of Recent Engineering Science, 5(1),26-31.

Abstract
The self-weight of foamed lightweight concrete is lighter than normal concrete nor brick. Application of foamed lightweight concrete on the wall of high rise buildings will decrease the structural load. With a lower structural load, the structural dimension will significantly decrease and also construction costs. Utilization of fly ash waste as an added material of sand on lightweight concrete will reduce the negative impact on the environment and increase the strength of concrete. This study will examine the physical and mechanical characteristics of lightweight foam concrete for wall materials referring to the Indonesian National Standard (SNI). Comparison used 1 cement: 1 aggregate. Aggregates consist of sand and fly ash added material 0%, 15%, 30%, 45%, 60%, and 75% by weight of sand. Cement water factor 0.35, and foam 30%, 40% and 50% of lightweight concrete volume. The cylinder sample dimension is 75 mm in diameters and 150 mm in height— the number of test samples of compressive strength, water absorption, and a specific gravity of 170 units. The results of the research are the density of the foamed lightweight concrete of 868.4 - 1582.4 kg / m3 fulfilled the criteria as lightweight concrete. The novelty of this research is the optimal compressive strength of various percentages of foam achieved at 45% fly ash. Foam with 30% has a compressive strength of 12.52 MPa fulfill the quality of I, foam with 40% has a compressive strength of 6.75 MPa fulfill the quality of III, and foam with 50% has a compressive strength of 1.66 MPa does not fulfill the quality of SNI. The lowest water absorption is 5.12%, 8.35%, and 15.97% fulfill the quality of I SNI at the 45% fly ash, Self-weight of 1 m2 wall of foamed lightweight concrete thickness of 120 mm 25.88% lighter than a halfbrick brick wall with the same area.

Reference
[1] Ahmad, H. et al., 2014. Influence of Fly Ash on the Compressive Strength of Foamed Concrete at Elevated Temperature. , 3, pp.1–7.
[2] Andriani, V., 2016. Pengaruh Variasi Foam Lerak pada Sifat fisik dan Mekanik Beton Ringan dengan Perbandingan Campuran semen dan Kapur 1 : 4,
[3] ASTM C495-99a, 1999. Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Lightweight Insulating Concrete 1. Current, 4(May), pp.3–5.
[4] Awang, H., Mydin, A.O. & Roslan, A.F., 2012. Microstructural Investigation of Lightweight Foamed Concrete Incorporating Various Additives. , 4(2), pp.196–200.
[5] Azmi, AA et al., 2016. Effect Of Crumb Rubber On Compressive Strength Of Fly Ash Based Geopolymer Concrete. , 1063, pp.4–8.
[6] Al Bakri Abdullah, MM et al., 2012. Fly ash-based geopolymer lightweight concrete using foaming agent. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 13(6), pp.7186–7198.
[7] Bing, C. et al., 2012. Experimental Research on Properties of HighStrength Foamed Concrete. , (January), pp.113–119.
[8] Bing Chen, J.L., 2008. Experimental application of mineral admixtures in lightweight concrete with high strength and workability. Construction and Building Materials, 22, pp.655–659.
[9] Hájek, M., Decký, M. & Scherfel, W., 2016. Objectification of Modulus Elasticity of Foam Conceret Poroflow 17-5 on The SubBase layer. , 12(1), pp.55–62.
[10] Khalid, A.M.G., 2011. Mechanical And Physical Properties Of Fly Ash Foamed Concrete. University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM).
[11] S.M.Leela Bharathi, P.Prabha, "Parametric Study on Steel-Foamed Concrete Composite Panel Systems" SSRG International Journal of Civil Engineering 4.8 (2017): 16-23.
[12] Malau, F.B., 2014. Penelitian Kuat Tekan dan Berat Jenis Mortar untuk Dinding Panel dengan Membandingkan Penggunaan Pasir Bangka dan Pasir Baturaja dengan Tambahan Foaming Agent dan Silica Fume. Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Lingkungan, 2 No.2.
[13] Mydin, M.A.O., 2012. Mechanical, Thermal and Funtional Properties of Green Lightweight Foamcrete. “Eftime Murgt” Resitas, Anul XIX, NR 1, ISSN 1453-7397.
[14] Niyazi Ugur Kockal, T.O., 2011. Durability of lightweight concretes with lightweight fly ash aggregates. Construction and Building Materials, 25, pp.1430–1438.
[15] Othuman Mydin, MA, 2013. An Experimental Investigation on Thermal Conductivity of Lightweight Foamcrete for Thermal Insulation. Sciences and Engineering, 63(1), pp.43–49.
[16] Pejman Keikhaei De hdezi, Savas Erdem, MAB, 2015. Physicomechanical, microstructural and dynamic properties of newly developed artificial fly ash based lightweight aggregate – Rubber concrete composite. Composites Part B. Engineering, 79(15), pp.451–455.
[17] Rommel, E.K.P., 2014. Perbaikan Sifat Fisik dan Reaktifitas Fly Ash sebagai Cementitious pada Beton. Jurnal teknik UMM, 3, p.115.
[18] SNI 03-0349-1989, 1989. Bata Beton Untuk Pasangan Dinding,
[19] Tariq M, N., 2017. The behavior of rubberized lightweight concrete containing modified surface aggregate agg regate using different mixing approaches ap proaches AND. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 8(5), pp.230–247.

Keywords
foamed lightweight concrete; foam; fly ash; wall material.