Design and Simulation of a Circular Microstrip Patch Antenna for Breast Cancer Diagnosis

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Recent Engineering Science (IJRES)          
  
© 2020 by IJRES Journal
Volume-7 Issue-3
Year of Publication : 2020
Authors : Md. Nawaj Sharif, Md. Firoz Ahmed, Mahfujur Rahman, A. Z. M. Touhidul Islam
  10.14445/23497157/IJRES-V7I3P112

MLA 

MLA Style: Md. Nawaj Sharif, Md. Firoz Ahmed, Mahfujur Rahman, A. Z. M. Touhidul Islam  "Design and Simulation of a Circular Microstrip Patch Antenna for Breast Cancer Diagnosis"International Journal of Recent Engineering Science7.3(2020):57-60. 

APA Style: Md. Nawaj Sharif, Md. Firoz Ahmed, Mahfujur Rahman, A. Z. M. Touhidul Islam. Design and Simulation of a Circular Microstrip Patch Antenna for Breast Cancer Diagnosis  International Journal of Recent Engineering Science, 7(3),57-60.

Abstract
This paper analyzes different parameters for detecting breast cancer at a curable stage using the software High-Frequency Structure Simulator (HFSS). The model consists of a microstrip circular patch antenna, breast model, and tumor. This model shows that tumors present in the breast can be detected by observing the change in the distribution of volume current density, the electric field, and the magnetic field of the breast in the presence of a tumor and the absence of a tumor. The proposed antennas fed a microstrip line on the FR4_Epoxy substrate with a size of substrate width 28 mm and substrate length 30 mm, the thickness of 0.8 mm, and relative dielectric constant of 4.4 with the radius of 7 mm. The antenna that we designed has an operating range from 3.26 GHz to 12.50 GHz, which in the entire UWB (3.1-10.6 GHz) with the return loss -19.15 dB and voltage standing wave ratio 1.21. The proposed model shows that, in the absence of a tumor, the maximum current density, electric field, and magnetic field of the breast are 1040.4 A/m2 ,260.10 V/m and 3.038 A/m, respectively. On the other hand, in the presence of a tumor, the maximum current density, electric field, and magnetic field of the breast are 1093.1 A/m2 ,273.29 V/m, and 3.09 A/m, respectively. These techniques used for breast cancer detection are competitively easier, safer, and low cost.

Reference

[1] Cancer Research UK, http//www.cancerresearchuk.org/health-professional/cancerstatistics-for-the-uk, accessed April 2019.
[2] Ramesh Garg, PrakashBhatia, InderBahl and ApisakIttipiboon, Microstrip Antenna Design Handbook, Artech House, Inc. 2001.
[3] D. M. Pozar, “Microstrip antennas,” Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 79–91, 1992.
[4] K. R. Carver and J. W. Mink, “Microstrip antenna technology,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 2–24, 1981.
[5] S. Shrestha and M. Agarwal, “Microstrip Antennas for Direct Human Skin Placement for Biomedical Applications,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. Symp., no. iii, pp. 926–931, 2010.
[6] M. Klemm, I. J. Craddock, J. a Leendertz, A. Preece, and R. Benjamin, “Radar-Based Breast Cancer Detection Using a Hemispherical Antenna Array - Experimental Results,” Antennas Propagation, IEEE Trans., vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 1692– 1704, 2009.
[7] H. Bahrami, E. Porter, and A. Santorelli, “Flexible Sixteen Antenna Array for Microwave Breast Cancer Detection,” vol. 62, no. 10, pp. 2516–2525, 2015.
[8] Sreenima M and Sanish V S, “Analysis and Design of Circular Microstrip Fractal Antenna” SSRG International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering 5.8 (2018)

Keywords
Breast cancer, Tumor Cells, Circular Microstrip Patch Antenna, Cancer Detection, FR4_Epoxy Substrate, HFSS.