Estimation of Water Balance in Iraq using Meteorological Data

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Recent Engineering Science (IJRES)          
  
© 2019 by IJRES Journal
Volume-6 Issue-5
Year of Publication : 2019
Authors : Hussein Ilaibi Zamil Al-Sudani
  10.14445/23497157/IJRES-V6I5P102

MLA 

MLA Style: Hussein Ilaibi Zamil Al-Sudani "Estimation of Water Balance in Iraq using Meteorological Data" International Journal of Recent Engineering Science 6.5(2019):7-12. 

APA Style: Hussein Ilaibi Zamil Al-Sudani, Estimation of Water Balance in Iraq using Meteorological Data. International Journal of Recent Engineering Science, 6(5),7-12.

Abstract
Water balance techniques are a means of a solution of important theoretical and practical hydrological problems. The water balance equation for any natural area or water body indicates the relative values of inflow, outflow, and change in water storage for the area or water body. Estimating water balance in Iraq, depending on meteorological data and the Thornthwaite method, was the aim of this research. The results of corrected potential Evapotranspiration (PEc) obtained from applying the Thornthwaite formula were compared with annual and monthly rainfall in (32) meteorological stations to estimate actual Evapotranspiration (AE). The results showed that the annual summation of rainfall increased from the south-west towards north-east. According to the increasing ratio of rainfall due to the impact of the Mediterranean climate condition on Iraq. Actual Evapotranspiration depends directly on water excess during calculating water balance. The water surplus contour map indicates increased values towards the north-east direction of Iraq, where water surplus depends directly on both rainfall and actual Evapotranspiration.

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Keywords
Water Balance, Meteorological data, Thornthwaite Method, Iraq.