Determination of Stratigraphic Sequence of Rocks Using Vertical Electrical Sounding: In Federal University Wukari, Taraba State, Northeast Nigeria

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Recent Engineering Science (IJRES)          
  
© 2019 by IJRES Journal
Volume-6 Issue-1
Year of Publication : 2019
Authors : Ayuni N, Kilian, Awudu A,Agyu, Samuel Saleh and Njuito Johnson
  10.14445/23497157/IJRES-V6I1P104

MLA 

MLA Style: Ayuni N, Kilian, Awudu A,Agyu, Samuel Saleh and Njuito Johnson "Determination of Stratigraphic Sequence of Rocks Using Vertical Electrical Sounding: In Federal University Wukari, Taraba State, Northeast Nigeria" International Journal of Recent Engineering Science 6.1(2019):14-20. 

APA Style: Ayuni N, Kilian, Awudu A,Agyu, Samuel Saleh and Njuito Johnson, Determination of Stratigraphic Sequence of Rocks Using Vertical Electrical Sounding: In Federal University Wukari, Taraba State, Northeast Nigeria. International Journal of Recent Engineering Science, 6(1),14-20.

Abstract
The quest for mineral exploration, search for water, and pre-construction surveys have become so prevalent in our society today. Structures that host some of the minerals are found in or within the striatal components of layers. The geo-electrical investigation involving the electrical resistivity method was carried out within the premises of Federal University Wukari to generate the surface and subsurface geologic information that was used in determining the stratigraphic sequence in the study area. Eleven (11) vertical electrical sounding points were conducted. The data obtained were interpreted by the computer iteration process. This was done to observe the variability in a layered structure concerning resistivity. Analysis of result reveals that layer one has a resistivity range from 48.96Ωm-9374.4Ωm, layer two has 47.32Ωm-721.7Ωm, layer three 0.573Ωm787.76Ωm, layer four has 0.034Ωm-3172Ωm, and layer five has 0.487Ωm-6914.9Ωm. they corresponding thickness ranges from 0.28m-4.89m, 0.424m-15.05m, 1.04m-30.5m and 2.18m-33.56m respectively. The analysis also reveals four to five lithological units comprising top lateritic soil, sandstone, silt, sandy shale, shale, and intercalation of clay-shaley materials.

Reference
[1] Chinwuko. A.I, Danbatta. U.A, Shuaibu. I, Ovwasa. M.O and Shuaibu. A.M, Geological Mapping of Basement Rocks in Federal University Gusau and its Environs, Zamfara State, Northwest Nigeria. Journal of Applied Geology and Geophysics, 6 (1), 2018, 32-42.
[2] G.C.Onyedim, K.D.Alagoa, I.O.Adedokun, A.A.Aderogba and C.Ovuru, Mapping High-Angle Basement Faults in the Middle Benue Trough, Nigeria from Gravity Surface. Earth Sciences Research Journal, 13(2), 2009, 140-147.
[3] Eze Stanley, Ideozu R.U, Ibitoye Taiwo Abel, Osisanya Olajuwon Wasiu, Ede Tiekuro,(2018). Unloading Mechanism: an Indication of Overpressure in Niger Delta („X‟-Field) using Cross Plots of Rock Properties. SSRG International Journal of Applied Physics 5(2), 25-31.
[4] KamaldeenOmosanya, AkinwaleAkinmosin, and Jonathan Balogun (2014): A review of stratigraphic surfaces generated from multiple electrical sounding and profiling, 2014, 23-31.
[5] M.V.Prasanna, IlliyaAmalinaBinti, Ahmad Ramdzani. R, S. Chidambaram, and S. Venkatramanan, Geoelectrical Investigation Along Miri Coast, East Malaysia: Evaluate the Vulnerability of Coastal Aquifer. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2019, 495.
[6] Murano. K.A, Sule. P. Ahmad. A.L, Abraham. E.M and Obande.E.G (2011): Subsurface Stratigraphy Mapping Using Geoelectric method. NAFTA 62 11(12),2011, 389-395.
[7] Nicholas Christie-Blick and Neal. W, Sequence Stratigraphic. New York 10964-8000, Annual Review Earth planet Science.,23,1995, 451-478.
[8] Octavian Catuneanu(2011); Sequence Stratigraphy: Methodology and Nomenclature. Newsletter on Stratigraphy, 44(3), 2011, 173-245.
[9] Omisore B.O, Olorunfemi. M.O, and Sheng Jin, Geoelectric Investigation of a Proposed Mambilla Plateau Airport Runway, Taraba State, Nigeria. 7th International Conference on Environmental and Engineering Geophysics and Summit Forum of Chinese Academy of Engineering on Engineering Science and Technology, 2016, 243-246.
[10] Vail Van Wagoner, Sequence Stratigraphy, and the Interpretation of Neoproterozoic. Earth History, Annual Review Earth Planet Science, 23, 1987, 451-478. Yanti Boimau, Sunaryo, Adi Susilo,(2019).
[11] Identification of Underground River Flow in Karst Area of Sumber Bening-Malang, Indonesia Based on Geoelectrical Self-Potential and Resistivity Data. SSRG International Journal of Applied Physics 5(3), 1-7.
[12] Interpex computer software, Interpex Limited, Golden Colorado USA, 2000.

Keywords
Geo-electric Section, Geology, Resistivity, Stratigraphic Sequence, Variations.